How to improve your academic writing: Sample notes by Idea Rover software


0000 Thesis statement


0100 Introduction section

0101 Problem

0102 Hypothesis


0200 Second section

0201 First topic

0202 Second topic

0203 Third topic


0300 Third section

0301 First topic

0302 Second topic

0303 Third topic


0400 Conclusion section

0401 Solution

0402 Significance

"A very broad definition of academic writing could include any writing assignment given in an academic setting."1

"Students, professors, and researchers in every discipline use academic writing to convey ideas, make arguments, and engage in scholarly conversation."2

"Academic papers, like other types of writing, require a specific style and format in order to be readily accepted."3

"In a recent survey, academic staff at the University identified the interrelated skills of essay-writing and reasoning as the two most important skills for success in higher education; when asked which skills students most often lacked, essay-writing was again at the top of their list."4

"Writing academically on a college level is a hard work that requires a lot of time and effort."5

"An academic writing assignment is supposed to be your opportunity to explore something that interests you from your course."6

"Write for a purpose. Academic writing has a purpose."7

"The goal of academic writing is to convey complex ideas in a clear, concise manner."8

"A common metaphor used to describe academic writing is "entering the conversation", a conversation that began long before you got there and will continue long after you leave."9

"As with all writing, academic writing is directed to a specific audience in mind."10

"When writing academically, you must target a more general audience than just your lecturer and/or marker."11

"If you are writing a university assignment, pretend that you are writing for an intelligent colleague from a related academic field, rather than for your tutor who knows more about the topic."12

"Points of view in academic writing can include an argument, recommendation, interpretation of findings or evaluation of the work of others."13

"In an academic writing assignment, you will start by asking a good question, then find and analyze answers to it, and choose your own best answer(s) to discuss in your paper."14

"In analytical academic writing, the purpose is to explain and evaluate possible answers to your question, choosing the best answer(s) based on your own criteria. "15

"In contrast to personal writing, academic writing is different because it deals with the theories and causes of a given topic, as well as exploring alternative explanations for these theories or events."16

"Note that a problem statement without the research questions does not qualify as academic writing because simply identifying the research problem does not establish for the reader how you will contribute to solving the problem, what aspects you believe are most critical, or suggest a method for gathering data to better understand the problem."17

"The thesis statement is the single most important sentence in any academic paper."18

"Thesis-Driven Academic writing is 'thesis-driven', meaning that the starting point is a particular perspective, idea, or position applied to the chosen topic of investigation, such as, establishing, proving, or disproving solutions to the research questions posed for the topic."19

"Though sometimes thought of as long-winded or inaccessible, strong academic writing is quite the opposite: It informs, analyzes, and persuades in a straightforward manner and enables the reader to engage critically in a scholarly dialogue."20

"This is also one of the main functions of academic writing--examining and explaining the significance of complex ideas as clearly as possible."21

"Academic writing is: Planned and focused: answers the question and demonstrates an understanding of the subject."22

"Because academic papers should have a clear organizational structure, throughout your paper, you need to show the readers how your ideas are connected between paragraphs and between sentences."23

"For academic essays and papers, there is an introduction, body, and conclusion."24

"However, if you are still learning how to write academic papers, you should make a detailed outline for several reasons: You will learn whether you have enough support for your thesis statement."25

"In the introduction, you must grab the reader's attention and identify the thesis of the paper."26

"Briefly introduce the main points"27

"For example, it is fine to state, "The four main problems with hedge funds are:" and then list them as 1, 2, 3, 4. However, in academic writing, this must then be followed by detailed explanation and analysis of each item."28

"In order to succeed in the competitive world of academia, you must be able to communicate your ideas with grace, clarity and power."29

"However, what is valued in academic writing is that opinions are based on what is often termed, evidence-based reasoning, a sound understanding of the pertinent body of knowledge and academic debates that exist within, and often external to, your discipline."30

"Factoring in intertextuality, the goal of academic writing is not simply creating new ideas, but to offer a new perspective and link between already established ideas."31

"Your paper should refer to a variety of current, high- quality, professional and academic sources."32

"Support your writing with evidence"33

"Citing the work of other authors is central to academic writing because it shows you have read the literature, understood the ideas, and have integrated these issues and varying perspectives into the assignment task."34

"Use personal experience only as an example, though, because academic writing relies on evidence-based research."35

"Academic Phrasebank Use this site for examples of linking phrases and ways to refer to sources."36

"Academic writing is all about accuracy and your choice of words should be made carefully."37

"It is also very important that there are no grammar, spelling, punctuation, or vocabulary mistakes in academic writing."38

"Citing sources in the body of your paper and providing a list of references as either footnotes or endnotes is a very important aspect of academic writing."39

"Plagiarism, the "wrongful appropriation of another author's language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions", and the representation of them as one's own original work is considered academic dishonesty, and can lead to severe consequences.[9]"40

"It is a myth that academic writing has to consist of very long, complicated sentences."41

"Write concisely and with precision. Do not be tempted to use complex language or expressions that are not your own, just to make your writing appear "academic"."42

"Yes, it is appropriate for you to use specialist language and a formal style of expression in academic writing, but it does not mean using "big words" just for the sake of doing so."43

"The passive voice is useful in academic writing because it allows writers to highlight the most important participants or events within sentences by placing them at the beginning of the sentence."44

"By presenting the hypothesis along with persuasive arguments for its validity, writers can produce a compelling and persuasive piece of academic writing for publication."45

"That means that academic writing must be: - formal, because informal writing is not always understood in the same way by every reader; - structured, because complex ideas need to be controlled to produce an unambiguous statement; - precise, so that none of its ideas can be challenged; - appropriate, so that it communicates to its audience in the most effective way."46

"So the goal of academic writing is not to show off everything that you know about your topic, but rather to show that you understand and can think critically about your topic"47

"Effective academic writing begins with solid planning, so manage your time carefully."48

"Writing an academic paper can be done step-by-step."49

"Therefore, as well as writing descriptively, you need to be able to write critically. As well as giving the facts, you need to be able to make use of these facts to come to general conclusions. These conclusions need to be justified and supported by evidence. You also need to be aware of other points of view that exist and this must be dealt with. So you need to describe other people's points of view and compare and contrast them with your own, stating their advantages and disadvantages. In this way you can analyse and evaluate your work and others and come to a balanced conclusion.."50


1 "Definition of Academic Writing" <https://grammar.yourdictionary.com/word-definitions/definition-of-academic-writing.html>.

2 "An Introduction to Academic Writing" <https://www.thoughtco.com/what-is-academic-writing-1689052>.

3 "10 Simple Ways to Improve Your Academic Writing" <http://www.proofreadingservices.us/academic-writing/>.

4 "Pham Sang, How to improve your academic writing" <https://www.academia.edu/7189008/How_to_improve_your_academic_writing>.

5 "How to Write Good Academic Papers Complete Guide for Students" <https://pro-academic-writers.com/blog/academic-paper-writing>.

6 "Anne Whitaker, Academic Writing Guide" <http://www.vsm.sk/Curriculum/academicsupport/academicwritingguide.pdf>.

7 "Writing in an academic style - Academic writing - LibGuides at University of Reading" <https://libguides.reading.ac.uk/writing/style>.

8 "An Introduction to Academic Writing" <https://www.thoughtco.com/what-is-academic-writing-1689052>.

9 "Academic writing - Wikipedia" <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academic_writing>.

10 "Anne Whitaker, Academic Writing Guide" <http://www.vsm.sk/Curriculum/academicsupport/academicwritingguide.pdf>.

11 "What is academic writing - OWLL - Massey University" <http://owll.massey.ac.nz/academic-writing/what-is-academic-writing.php>.

12 "Writing in an academic style - Academic writing - LibGuides at University of Reading" <https://libguides.reading.ac.uk/writing/style>.

13 "Types of academic writing - The University of Sydney" <https://sydney.edu.au/students/writing/types-of-academic-writing.html>.

14 "Anne Whitaker, Academic Writing Guide" <http://www.vsm.sk/Curriculum/academicsupport/academicwritingguide.pdf>.

15 "Anne Whitaker, Academic Writing Guide" <http://www.vsm.sk/Curriculum/academicsupport/academicwritingguide.pdf>.

16 "What is academic writing - OWLL - Massey University" <http://owll.massey.ac.nz/academic-writing/what-is-academic-writing.php>.

17 "Academic Writing Style - Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper - Research Guides at University of Southern California" <https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/academicwriting>.

18 "An Introduction to Academic Writing" <https://www.thoughtco.com/what-is-academic-writing-1689052>.

19 "Academic Writing Style - Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper - Research Guides at University of Southern California" <https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/academicwriting>.

20 "An Introduction to Academic Writing" <https://www.thoughtco.com/what-is-academic-writing-1689052>.

21 "Academic Writing Style - Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper - Research Guides at University of Southern California" <https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/academicwriting>.

22 "What is academic writing Academic writing Library University of Leeds" <https://library.leeds.ac.uk/info/14011/writing/106/academic_writing>.

23 "Anne Whitaker, Academic Writing Guide" <http://www.vsm.sk/Curriculum/academicsupport/academicwritingguide.pdf>.

24 "Anne Whitaker, Academic Writing Guide" <http://www.vsm.sk/Curriculum/academicsupport/academicwritingguide.pdf>.

25 "Anne Whitaker, Academic Writing Guide" <http://www.vsm.sk/Curriculum/academicsupport/academicwritingguide.pdf>.

26 "Definition of Academic Writing" <https://grammar.yourdictionary.com/word-definitions/definition-of-academic-writing.html>.

27 "sections) of the paper In academic writing, the writer lets the reader know what to expect. (Anne Whitaker, Academic Writing Guide" <http://www.vsm.sk/Curriculum/academicsupport/academicwritingguide.pdf>.

28 "Academic Writing Style - Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper - Research Guides at University of Southern California" <https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/academicwriting>.

29 "10 Simple Ways to Improve Your Academic Writing" <http://www.proofreadingservices.us/academic-writing/>.

30 "Academic Writing Style - Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper - Research Guides at University of Southern California" <https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/academicwriting>.

31 "Academic writing - Wikipedia" <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academic_writing>.

32 "Anne Whitaker, Academic Writing Guide" <http://www.vsm.sk/Curriculum/academicsupport/academicwritingguide.pdf>.

33 "references) that are presented accurately Academic writing is all about using the literature you have read to support the argument that you present to your reader. (Writing at University MyCumbria" <https://my.cumbria.ac.uk/Student-Life/Learning/Skills-Cumbria/Academic-Writing/>.

34 "What is academic writing - OWLL - Massey University" <http://owll.massey.ac.nz/academic-writing/what-is-academic-writing.php>.

35 "Academic Writing Style - Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper - Research Guides at University of Southern California" <https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/academicwriting>.

36 "Writing in an academic style - Academic writing - LibGuides at University of Reading" <https://libguides.reading.ac.uk/writing/style>.

37 "Writing at University MyCumbria" <https://my.cumbria.ac.uk/Student-Life/Learning/Skills-Cumbria/Academic-Writing/>.

38 "Anne Whitaker, Academic Writing Guide" <http://www.vsm.sk/Curriculum/academicsupport/academicwritingguide.pdf>.

39 "Academic Writing Style - Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper - Research Guides at University of Southern California" <https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/academicwriting>.

40 "Academic writing - Wikipedia" <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academic_writing>.

41 "Writing at University MyCumbria" <https://my.cumbria.ac.uk/Student-Life/Learning/Skills-Cumbria/Academic-Writing/>.

42 "Writing in an academic style - Academic writing - LibGuides at University of Reading" <https://libguides.reading.ac.uk/writing/style>.

43 "Academic Writing Style - Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper - Research Guides at University of Southern California" <https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/academicwriting>.

44 "Academic Writing Style - Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper - Research Guides at University of Southern California" <https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/academicwriting>.

45 "10 Simple Ways to Improve Your Academic Writing" <http://www.proofreadingservices.us/academic-writing/>.

46 "Writing in an academic style - Academic writing - LibGuides at University of Reading" <https://libguides.reading.ac.uk/writing/style>.

47 "and this is what earns you a good grade). (Anne Whitaker, Academic Writing Guide" <http://www.vsm.sk/Curriculum/academicsupport/academicwritingguide.pdf>.

48 "Academic Writing Style - Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper - Research Guides at University of Southern California" <https://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/academicwriting>.

49 "How to Write Good Academic Papers Complete Guide for Students" <https://pro-academic-writers.com/blog/academic-paper-writing>.

50 "Rhetorical functions in academic writing: Writing critically" <http://www.uefap.com/writing/function/crit.htm>.


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